A Roman cockerel figurine thought to
have been made to accompany a child's grave has been unearthed in
The 1,800-year-old enamelled object was found during an archaeological dig at
one of Britain's earliest-known burial sites in Cirencester.
It is thought the bronze cockerel, which is 12.5cm high, could have been a
message to the gods. Archaeologist Neil Holbrook said it was a "most spectacular" find.
The elaborately-decorated cockerel is believed to be Roman, probably dating
back to the 2nd Century AD. According to experts, religious significance was given to the cockerel by the
Romans and the artistic subject is known to be connected with Mercury, the
messenger to the gods. They said it was Mercury who was also responsible for conducting
newly-deceased souls to the afterlife.
Mr Holbrook, chief executive at Cotswold Archaeology, said the cockerel had
been excavated from the grave of a young child and had been placed close to his
or her head.
"Interestingly a very similar item was found in Cologne in Germany and it
looks like they both could have come from the same workshop based in Britain,"
The object was discovered in early November and held back to allow the dig to
It will now be cleaned, conserved, and possibly then displayed at the
Corinium Museum in Cirencester.
Other finds from this grave include a small pottery tettine or feeding
bottle, which was unfortunately highly fragmented. This will also undergo
Is there a connection between the "checkerboard" pattern on the Hermes cockerel to Toth (Jehuty), and the black and white checkered floor in the Hall of Judgment (also called the Hall of Justice)??? The Greeks equated their god, Hermes, to the ancient Egyptian god, Toth (Jehuty - spelled phonetically in an approximation of how scholars think the name may have been pronounced) and, in later times (beginning in the first century CE of the Roman era), the god Hermes Trismegistus was accepted by at least some Greeks and Romans as a form of Hermes. It is supposed that out of the teachings of the followers of Hermes Trismegistus arose the esoteric tradition known as "hermeticism," roughly paralleling the development of other lines of though such as Gnosticism.
This is not an area in which I'm much read! Please feel free to add your comments. I am confident about the black and white checkered floor being associated with the Hall of Judgment (Hall of Justice) and Toth because this was told to me years ago by someone whose scholarship and credentials I trust. If any of you are familiar with depictions within older Masonic halls, the black and white checkerboard floor is often depicted in murals, paintings, and may sometimes also be reflected in flooring of the the ceremonial room (not necessarily in black and white, but the checkerboard pattern of light and dark will be there). My guess is that this reflects Toth's role as mediator between the gods, in which he had to make sure that neither "good" nor "evil" ever achieved supremacy over the other - that there was always maintained an equilibrium between the two opposing forces.
2012 Goddesschess Canadian Women's Closed Chess Championship
Hales Corners Chess Challenge XIX April 12, 2014 Milwaukee, WI Prizes for female players in Open and Reserve sections and paid entry to next HCCC for top female finisher in each section. This is Goddesschess' 12th HCCC!
2014 Grand Pacific Open Easter Weekend, 2014 Victoria, BC Prizes and sponsorship for chess femmes
Goddesschess Fighting Spirit Award
2013 U.S. Women's Chess Championship
Hales Corners Chess Challenge XVIII October 12, 2013 Milwaukee, WI Record prize money awarded to chess femmes - $800! In honor of National Chess Day and the one year anniversary of the passing of our webmaster, researcher and writer, Don McLean, additional prizes of $150 were awarded to the top two male finishers in each Section. Milwaukee Summer Challenge II June 15 - 16, 2013 Milwaukee, WI Prizes for the chess femmes and funding a best game prize
2013 U.S. Women's Chess Championship May, 2013 St. Louis, MO Goddesschess Fighting Spirit Award awarded to Anna Zatonskih Hales Corners Chess Challenge XVII April 13, 2013 Milwaukee, WI Goddesschess prizes totaled $540: $180 paid to female players in the Open $290 paid to female players in the Reserve $70 paid for the top female players' entry to Challenge XVIII in October, 2013
2013 Grand Pacific Open Easter Weekend March 29 - April 1, 2013 Victoria, BC Prizes for female players and additional sponsorship to support appearance of a WGM
Hales Corners Challenge XVI
Prizes for Chess Femmes
2012 Milwaukee Summer Challenge July 14-15, 2012
Prizes for Chess Femmes
Hales Corners Challenge XV
Prizes for the Chess Femmes
2012 Grand Pacific Open
Open Prizes for Top 5 Women
Hales Corners Challenge XVI October 20, 2012
2012 Goddesschess Canadian Women's Chess Championship (Zonal) August 4 - 11, 2012
Milwaukee Summer Challenge by Southwest Chess Club July, 2012
I'm one of the founders of Goddesschess, which went online May 6, 1999. I earned an under-graduate degree in history and economics going to college part-time nights, weekends and summer school while working full-time, and went on to earn a post-graduate degree (J.D.) I love the challenge of research, and spend my spare time reading and writing about my favorite subjects, travelling and working in my gardens. My family and my friends are most important in my life. For the second half of my life, I'm focusing on "doable" things to help local chess initiatives, starting in my own home town. And I'm experiencing a sort of personal "Renaissance" that is leaving me rather breathless...