Saturday, March 15, 2008
Friday, March 14, 2008
- The Language of the Goddess by Marija Gimbutas and Joseph Campbell
- The Goddesses and Gods of Old Europe: Myths and Cult Images, New and Updated Edition by Marija Gimbutas
- The Living Goddesses by Marija Gimbutas and Miriam R. Dexter
- The Civilization of the Goddess: The World of Old Europe by Marija Gimbutas
There are also videotapes of lectures given by Gimbutas, and various papers in compilation with others.
An interview with Marija Gimbutas, October 3, 1992 (I don't know who the interviewer is; scroll to bottom of page for link to interview)
Joseph Campbell & Marija Gimbutas Library at the Pacific Graduate Institute
Obituary from The New York TimesSigns Out of Time - The Story of Archaeologist Marija Gimbutas (great graphics too)
Thursday, March 13, 2008
Estimates for peopling of Americas getting earlier
March 13, 2008
and World Science staff
Archeologists are presenting what they call the latest evidence that a traditional account of the peopling of the Americas is wrong.
The mainstream view prevailing in the past several decades holds that humans entered the continent about 12,000 years ago using a temporary land bridge from northeastern Asia to Alaska. These migrants would have given rise to a culture of mammoth hunters known for their unique stone projectile-points and dubbed Clovis, after remains found near Clovis, N.M., in the 1930s.
But in recent years evidence has turned up that the first Americans might have been considerably older, some archaeologists argue. A new review published in the research journal Science contends that that the first Americans had their roots in southern Siberia, ventured across the Bering land bridge probably around 22,000 years ago, and migrated down into the Americas as early as 16,000 years ago.
In the paper, Ted Goebel of Texas A&M University and colleagues argue that the latter date is when an ice-free corridor in Canada opened and enabled the migration. The new account is bolstered by genetic evidence and the discovery of new archaeological sites and more accurate dates for old sites, according to the researchers.
Genetic evidence, they wrote, points to a founding population of less than 5,000 people at the beginning of the second migration in Canada. Moreover, they added, archaeological evidence suggests the Clovis culture may have been relative latecomers to the Americas or descendants of earlier Paleo-Indian populations represented at archaeological sites such as Monte Verde in Chile. That site is thought to have been occupied 14,600 years ago. The research by Goebel and colleagues appears in the journal’s March 14 issue.
Related story: Indian DNA links to 6 'founding mothers,' March 13, 2008.
Wednesday, March 12, 2008
- First woman to earn the GM (International Grandmaster) title in chess, in 1991
- World Women's Chess Championship 1996-1999
- Head of the Susan Polgar Chess Foundation
- Head of SPICE (Susan Polgar Institute for Chess Institute), Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas (a new Institute devoted to the development of chess at the university level across the country as well as cross-disciplinary study of the benefits of chess learning)
- Author/co-author of two semi-biographical books as well as educational books and chess CDs and instructional materials on chess
- Author of many articles for chess publications including the United States Chess Federation's magazine Chess Life and monthly columnist at the popular online chess magazine, Chess Cafe
GM Susan Polgar is one of three sisters who, together with Sofia and Judit, were trained in chessplaying from an early age by their parents. Several books have been written about the achievements of one or more of the chessplaying sisters and scores of articles have been written about their accomplishments.
GM Susan Polgar has been and continues to be a tireles advocate promoting the benefits that are acquired from learning and playing chess, particularly among young people.
With the assistance of the Susan Polgar Chess Foundation and now, SPICE, and through the generosity of many sponsors, GM Polgar has spearheaded the development of several premier chess tournaments and events for girls and boys, including the Susan Polgar National Invitational for Girls, SPICE Summer Camp, the World Open Chess Championship for Girls and the World Open Chess Championship for Boys (2008 information).
More about the 2008 U.S. Women's Chess Championship from the USCF website:The 2008 Frank K. Berry U.S. Chess Championship is now slated for May 13-21 in Tulsa, Oklahoma. It is sanctioned by the USCF and will be a 9-round Swiss System event with 24 contenders. The 2008 Frank K. Berry U.S. Women's Chess Championship will be held at the same time and location, as a 10-player round robin. International Arbiter Frank K. Berry is again sponsoring this year's events as he did last year in nearby Stillwater. The move to Tulsa is intended to simplify travel for the players. The Frank K. Berry U.S. Women's Chess Championship Prizes -$25,000 Seeding - The 10 contenders for the title will be determined as follows:
- U.S. Women's Champion (Irina Krush)·
- 6 Top-Rated Women players on the March Rating List·
- 3 Wild Cards selected by Frank K. Berry (One of these wild cards will be top female finisher at the Qualifier Open).
MonRoi will again be a sponsor, and will carry the official website and host LIVE games from both events for viewing online. In the event of a tie for first place at the championship, in both the events, there will be a playoff for the title similar to previous years. The final announcement of the players will be made in April on Chess Life Online.
The championship organizing committee consists of Frank K. Berry, Jim Berry, and Tom Braunlich; with assistance from Bill Goichberg, Bill Hall, and John Donaldson.
Mysteries of computer from 65BC are solved
From Thoth Web posted March 10, 2008
A 2,000-year-old mechanical computer salvaged from a Roman shipwreck has astounded scientists who have finally unravelled the secrets of how the sophisticated device works. The machine was lost among cargo in 65BC when the ship carrying it sank in 42m of water off the coast of the Greek island of Antikythera. By chance, in 1900, a sponge diver called Elias Stadiatos discovered the wreck and recovered statues and other artifacts from the site.
The machine first came to light when an archaeologist working on the recovered objects noticed that a lump of rock had a gear wheel embedded in it. Closer inspection of material brought up from the stricken ship subsequently revealed 80 pieces of gear wheels, dials, clock-like hands and a wooden and bronze casing bearing ancient Greek inscriptions.
Since its discovery, scientists have been trying to reconstruct the device, which is now known to be an astronomical calendar capable of tracking with remarkable precision the position of the sun, several heavenly bodies and the phases of the moon. Experts believe it to be the earliest-known device to use gear wheels and by far the most sophisticated object to be found from the ancient and medieval periods.
Using modern computer x-ray tomography and high resolution surface scanning, a team led by Mike Edmunds and Tony Freeth at Cardiff University peered inside fragments of the crust-encased mechanism and read the faintest inscriptions that once covered the outer casing of the machine. Detailed imaging of the mechanism suggests it dates back to 150-100 BC and had 37 gear wheels enabling it to follow the movements of the moon and the sun through the zodiac, predict eclipses and even recreate the irregular orbit of the moon. The motion, known as the first lunar anomaly, was developed by the astronomer Hipparcus of Rhodes in the 2nd century BC, and he may have been consulted in the machine's construction, the scientists speculate.
Remarkably, scans showed the device uses a differential gear, which was previously believed to have been invented in the 16th century. The level of miniaturisation and complexity of its parts is comparable to that of 18th century clocks.
Some researchers believe the machine, known as the Antikythera Mechanism, may have been among other treasure looted from Rhodes that was en route to Rome for a celebration staged by Julius Caesar.
One of the remaining mysteries is why the Greek technology invented for the machine seemed to disappear. No other civilisation is believed to have created anything as complex for another 1,000 years. One explanation could be that bronze was often recycled in the period the device was made, so many artefacts from that time have long ago been melted down and erased from the archaelogical record. The fateful sinking of the ship carrying the Antikythera Mechanism may have inadvertently preserved it. "This device is extraordinary, the only thing of its kind," said Professor Edmunds. "The astronomy is exactly right ... in terms of historic and scarcity value, I have to regard this mechanism as being more valuable than the Mona Lisa." The research, which appears in the journal Nature today, was carried out with scientists at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens where the mechanism is held and the universities of Athens and Thessaloniki.
Copyright: The Guardian
Tuesday, March 11, 2008
Monday, March 10, 2008
Sunday, March 9, 2008
(Image: Headless Tyche sculpture for sale)
RARE ROMAN STATUE IS EXTRAORDINARY HIGHLIGHT OF CHRISTIE'S ANTIQUITIES SPRING SALE
On June 4, Christie’s New York is pleased to offer an exquisite Roman statue of the goddess Tyche (estimate on request).
Publish Date: 2008-03-04
June 4, 2008
New York – On June 4, Christie’s New York is pleased to offer an
exquisite Roman statue of the goddess Tyche (estimate on request). Standing 31 ½ inches high, and executed in the rarest of materials: porphyry. The statue was formerly in the private collection of Dr. Elie Borowski, collector and connoisseur of ancient art, who acquired it in 1967. It was on loan to the sculpture museum Liebighaus in Frankfurt, Germany from 1980-1986, and later exhibited at the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto from 1986-1991.
“This is the most spectacular and beautiful sculpture that I haveever had the pleasure to work with,” says G. Max Bernheimer,International Head of the Antiquities department. “The fact that it’s still in impeccable condition,makes it all the more exceptional.” [Impeccable condition - it's fricking head is missing, dude!]
Porphyry was highly regarded for its color, since purple was symbolic of high rank and authority.The stone was quarried in Egypt’s eastern desert, near Mons Porphyrites, known today as GebelKokham. The raw material was transported overland to Qena, ancient Kainopolis, on the Nile, andthen by boat north to Alexandria and then on to Rome. During the Roman Period, the quarrieswere traditionally understood to have been under the direct control of the emperor. The stone wasonly sporadically used during the 1st Century A.D., reaching its first peak of use during the reigns ofthe emperors Trajan 98-117 A.D. and Hadrian 117-138 A.D. and again in the 4th Century. It wasused for statuary, architectural elements including columns and floor paving, decorative urns andbasins, and for imperial sarcophagi. Most porphyry statuary, as with the present example, wasfinished as a composite work of art, with the head, hands and feet made from a contrasting material,usually white marble.
Tyche was a goddess who presided over the prosperity of the city, bringing its citizens, with hope,good fortune. The most renowned sculpture of Tyche from the ancient world was a colossal bronzestatue by the Greek artist Eutychides, a pupil of Lysippos, created for the city of Antioch in the early3rd century B.C. The Tyche of Antioch was a personification of the city. Although the originaldoes not survive, its existence is known from ancient literary sources and is recognized in copies invarious media, including small bronzes, reliefs, coins and gems, and most famously in marble now atthe Vatican Museum. All show the goddess seated on a rock, symbolic of Mount Silpius, with herfeet resting on the river Orontes, depicted as a swimming youth. As most cities had their ownTyche, the topographical details of Eutychides’ original could be appropriated to suit any location.On account of the material from which it is sculpted, this porphyry Tyche must have been anImperial commission, inspired by the work of Eutychides, and was perhaps a benevolent gift to oneof the great cities of the Empire or an important local leader.